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mybatis映射XML文件详解及实例_数据库其它

mybatis映射XML文件

一个简单的映射文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="com.cnx.wxcar.mapper.CustomerMapper">
</mapper>

当然这个文件中没有任何的元素

The Mapper XML files have only a few first class elements :

  1. cache – Configuration of the cache for a given namespace.
  2.  
  3. cache-ref – Reference to a cache configuration from another namespace.
  4.  
  5. resultMap – The most complicated and powerful element that describes how to load your objects from the database result sets.
  6.  
  7. sql – A reusable chunk of SQL that can be referenced by other statements.
  8.  
  9. insert – A mapped INSERT statement.
  10.  
  11. update – A mapped UPDATE statement.
  12.  
  13. delete – A mapped DELETE statement.
  14.  
  15. select – A mapped SELECT statement.

select

简单的例子:

<select id="selectPerson" parameterType="int" resultType="hashmap">
 SELECT * FROM PERSON WHERE ID = #{id}
</select>

select也有很多属性可以让你配置:

<select
 id="selectPerson"
 parameterType="int"
 parameterMap="deprecated"
 resultType="hashmap"
 resultMap="personResultMap"
 flushCache="false"
 useCache="true"
 timeout="10000"
 fetchSize="256"
 statementType="PREPARED"
 resultSetType="FORWARD_ONLY">

insert, update and delete

<insert
 id="insertAuthor"
 parameterType="domain.blog.Author"
 flushCache="true"
 statementType="PREPARED"
 keyProperty=""
 keyColumn=""
 useGeneratedKeys=""
 timeout="20">

<update
 id="updateAuthor"
 parameterType="domain.blog.Author"
 flushCache="true"
 statementType="PREPARED"
 timeout="20">

<delete
 id="deleteAuthor"
 parameterType="domain.blog.Author"
 flushCache="true"
 statementType="PREPARED"
 timeout="20">

语句:

<insert id="insertAuthor">
 insert into Author (id,username,password,email,bio)
 values (#{id},#{username},#{password},#{email},#{bio})
</insert>

<update id="updateAuthor">
 update Author set
  username = #{username},
  password = #{password},
  email = #{email},
  bio = #{bio}
 where id = #{id}
</update>

<delete id="deleteAuthor">
 delete from Author where id = #{id}
</delete>

f your database supports auto-generated key fields (e.g. MySQL and SQL Server),上面的插入语句可以写成:

<insert id="insertAuthor" useGeneratedKeys="true"
  keyProperty="id">
 insert into Author (username,password,email,bio)
 values (#{username},#{password},#{email},#{bio})
</insert>

如果你的数据库还支持多条记录插入,可以使用下面这个语句:

<insert id="insertAuthor" useGeneratedKeys="true"
  keyProperty="id">
 insert into Author (username, password, email, bio) values
 <foreach item="item" collection="list" separator=",">
  (#{item.username}, #{item.password}, #{item.email}, #{item.bio})
 </foreach>
</insert>

sql

这个element可以定义一些sql代码的碎片,然后在多个语句中使用,降低耦合。比如:

<sql id="userColumns"> ${alias}.id,${alias}.username,${alias}.password </sql>

然后在下面的语句中使用:

<select id="selectUsers" resultType="map">
 select
  <include refid="userColumns"><property name="alias" value="t1"/></include>,
  <include refid="userColumns"><property name="alias" value="t2"/></include>
 from some_table t1
  cross join some_table t2
</select>

Result Maps

官网给了个最最复杂的例子

大体意思呢就是一个博客系统有一个作者,很多博文,博文中有一个作者,很多评论,很多标签(包括了一对多,一对一)

<!-- Very Complex Statement -->
<select id="selectBlogDetails" resultMap="detailedBlogResultMap">
 select
    B.id as blog_id,
    B.title as blog_title,
    B.author_id as blog_author_id,
    A.id as author_id,
    A.username as author_username,
    A.password as author_password,
    A.email as author_email,
    A.bio as author_bio,
    A.favourite_section as author_favourite_section,
    P.id as post_id,
    P.blog_id as post_blog_id,
    P.author_id as post_author_id,
    P.created_on as post_created_on,
    P.section as post_section,
    P.subject as post_subject,
    P.draft as draft,
    P.body as post_body,
    C.id as comment_id,
    C.post_id as comment_post_id,
    C.name as comment_name,
    C.comment as comment_text,
    T.id as tag_id,
    T.name as tag_name
 from Blog B
    left outer join Author A on B.author_id = A.id
    left outer join Post P on B.id = P.blog_id
    left outer join Comment C on P.id = C.post_id
    left outer join Post_Tag PT on PT.post_id = P.id
    left outer join Tag T on PT.tag_id = T.id
 where B.id = #{id}
</select>

<!-- Very Complex Result Map -->
<resultMap id="detailedBlogResultMap" type="Blog">
 <constructor>
  <idArg column="blog_id" javaType="int"/>
 </constructor>
 <result property="title" column="blog_title"/>
 <association property="author" javaType="Author">
  <id property="id" column="author_id"/>
  <result property="username" column="author_username"/>
  <result property="password" column="author_password"/>
  <result property="email" column="author_email"/>
  <result property="bio" column="author_bio"/>
  <result property="favouriteSection" column="author_favourite_section"/>
 </association>
 <collection property="posts" ofType="Post">
  <id property="id" column="post_id"/>
  <result property="subject" column="post_subject"/>
  <association property="author" javaType="Author"/>
  <collection property="comments" ofType="Comment">
   <id property="id" column="comment_id"/>
  </collection>
  <collection property="tags" ofType="Tag" >
   <id property="id" column="tag_id"/>
  </collection>
  <discriminator javaType="int" column="draft">
   <case value="1" resultType="DraftPost"/>
  </discriminator>
 </collection>
</resultMap>

感谢阅读,希望能帮助到大家,谢谢大家对本站的支持!

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